How to Create Redirects in WordPress

Redirections are a normal part of websites, plugins, and themes. Some are happening right before you and you may not be even aware what’s going on in the backend. Although redirections are usually left for developers, we are going to show you several tips that will let you understand how you can implement redirects in WordPress.

This guide covers the following:

    Redirect users after successful login
    Redirect users after login with Peter’s Login Redirect plugin
    Redirect users after Logout
    Redirect users after Leaving a comment
    Redirect users after search if there was only one result found
    Redirect users When there’s only one post in a category found
    Redirect users to a random page in WordPress

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Lets now look at how you can easily modify and control where a certain user lands after successful login to your WordPress powered website.

By default, WordPress will take every user to the dashboard and that might be a problem for some of you. Maybe you want to keep your admins and authors on the backend while you want to lead your other users directly to your homepage or maybe onto another frontend page you have created specifically for them.

To redirect users based on their roles, follow next steps:

function my_login_redirect( $url, $request, $user ){
if( $user && is_object( $user ) && is_a( $user, 'WP_User' ) ) {
if( $user->has_cap( 'administrator') or $user->has_cap( 'author')) {
$url = admin_url();
} else {
$url = home_url('/custom-page /');
}
}
return $url;
}
add_filter('login_redirect', 'my_login_redirect', 10, 3 );

    Open functions.php file
    Copy and paste the following code:
    Save changes

The code shown above will leave the admins right where they need to be – the admin panel, while all other users will be taken to a custom page.

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You can easily change URLs by changing the $url variable on the 4th and the 6th line and therefore lead your users to any posts/pages you have created for them.

If you want to control user roles, you can do that easily on the third line of the code. In the above-given example, we have left admins and authors on the admin panel. If you want only admins there, simply remove the authors from the picture:

if( $user->has_cap( 'administrator' ) ) {

Instead of removing authors, you can add other roles as well; it is up to you to decide who will end up on which page.

That’s it. With this code, you don’t need any plugin to control the redirects after a user logs in. If you’re still not into changing the code, see how to redirect users after login with a plugin.

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While you can quickly redirect users after login by placing some code we showed you earlier, this isn’t the best option for those who aren’t into coding. Also, if you want to get more control over redirections, you will have to know how to modify the code.

Instead of modifying the code, we will show you a plugin which will do the dirty work for you. All you have to do is decide which user goes where, click on few checkboxes, and paste URLs while the plugin will take care of the rest.

Although there are numerous WordPress plugins designed to do the same, we have chosen Peter’s Login Redirect for this part of the article.

This plugin will let you choose users based on their names, user roles, and even user capabilities and simply paste URL to which that users will be redirected after they log in. It’s possible to even choose another page if you want to redirect that user or group of users after they log out. In addition, you can choose a separate URL which will be used as destination page for any user upon their registration.

If that’s not enough for you, and you want to further improve your redirections, Peter’s Login Redirect got you covered. If you have, for example, created a specific page for each user, you can generate the URL directly from the plugin. In that case, a simple shortcode described in the plugin will be enough to input user’s username and thus lead that particular user to his/her specific page.

In the end, there are few plugin options to be found which can help you further control the plugin’s behavior. You can set the plugin to use only one type of URLs and, for example, allow only internal links to be used, control POST and GET redirects, use an external redirect file if needed, and choose who can control this plugin by choosing permission levels.

If you needed to manage login, logout and registration redirects, Peter’s Login Redirect will get you practically everything you need. Oh, yeah, have we mentioned that the plugin is free? You can get it from WordPress plugin repository and install in seconds after which all you have to do is navigate to Settings -> Login/Logout Redirects.

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How to redirect a WordPress user after logout

By default, when a user logs out from a WordPress website, he or she will be taken back to the login page. A message will be shown that notifies a user about successful logout and the rest of navigation is left to users.

But what if you want your users to be automatically redirected to your homepage, discussion pages that you want them to see or any other pages of interest? Maybe you want to create a different logout page which will contain special widgets or lead your users somewhere else? If so, you will need this little code to make everything happen.

In the next few lines, we’re about to show you how to easily redirect a user to any URL you want. If you don’t want to use the code for redirections, we’re about to show you a simple plugin which will do all athat for you. But before that, let’s redirect a user to the homepage:

add_action('wp_logout','auto_redirect_after_logout');
function auto_redirect_after_logout(){
wp_redirect( home_url() );
exit();
}

    Open functions.php file
    Copy and paste the following code:
    Save changes
    Logout and enjoy your beautiful homepage

It is simple as that. As you can guess from the code, you can redirect a user to any other URL by changing the third line. So, if you want to lead your users to another page of your own site or to any external page, your code should look something like this:

add_action('wp_logout','auto_redirect_after_logout');
function auto_redirect_after_logout(){
wp_redirect( 'http://www.firstsiteguide.com');
exit();
}

If you want to do more with wp_redirect function, you can learn more about it on WordPress Codex pages.

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Login and Logout Redirect

This free plugin is relatively simple and will do its job perfectly. Instead of dealing with the code, Login and Logout Redirect will create an additional segment on the settings page. After you install and activate it, you have to navigate to Settings -> General and scroll all the way to the end of the page. Here you will find separate input boxes for Login and Logout redirects. Enter desired URLs, save changes and you’re done!

If you need more redirecting options for your WordPress website, we suggest that you check 5sec Redirect plugin which can help you to redirect any post, page, category, tag or custom URL. It will allow you to cloak your URLs which can be a great thing for hiding affiliate links or any URLs from your visitors. The plugin also shows you statistics about each redirected link so that you know what’s happening on the site.

Redirect users after leaving a comment

When you start publishing articles, you will want people to comment on them, of course. In this part of the guide, we’re about to show you how to redirect a user after submitting a comment.

This function might come in handy for you in specific situations. For example, you might want to create a custom “thank you” page for a giveaway you’re organizing. So, when visitors participate in a giveaway by leaving a comment, you can easily redirect them to that “thank you” page where you can provide additional information about prizes.

There are actually tons of different reasons you might have for redirecting a user after leaving a comment, so without further ado, here’s what you need to do in order to automatize the process.

Redirect user after submitting a comment:

function redirect_after_comment(){
wp_redirect('/thank-you/');
exit();
}
add_filter('comment_post_redirect', 'redirect_after_comment');

    Open functions.php file
    Copy and paste this code in the file:
    Change the name of the page on the 2nd line
    Save changes

Redirect users after search if there was only one result found

Search functionality is a must have if you’re dealing with a larger number of articles. If you are writing on a daily basis, imagine the number of articles scattered across different categories. If you publish only three short articles per day, there will be over a thousand different titles in your database after the first year. Now imageine yourself coming to the site for the first time while looking for something specific – you will want to search for it.

By default, WordPress will search through post titles, tags and of course the content. So, if searching for a word or a specific phrase, it will probably found dozens of posts and pages which contain the query. But what if there was only one search result?

If someone was searching for a very specific phrase or an entire sentence, chances are there will be only few or maybe only one result. If there is only one result found, redirecting a user to the search results page is quite unnecessary. Instead, why wouldn’t you take that user directly to the post/page found in the result?

Let’s see how to do that:

add_action('template_redirect', 'redirect_search_result);
function redirect_search_result() {
if (is_search()) {
global $wp_query;
if ($wp_query->post_count == 1 && $wp_query->max_num_pages == 1) {
wp_redirect( get_permalink( $wp_query->posts['0']->ID ) );
exit;
}
}
}

    Open functions.php
    Copy this code and paste it at the end of the file:
    Save changes

You have prepared your WordPress for the new functionality. After you have saved changes, every time a user searches for something which will return only one results, that user will be redirected directly to the post/page.

Even if it seems like nothing much, we’re sure your visitors will like you for saving them a click of button. Saving a click here and a click there will result in a better user experience and that’s probably something you want on your website, isn’t it?

Redirect users when there’s only one post in a category found

Instead of opening a category or tag page which contains only one result, you could redirect that user directly to the post/page. As with the most of our code snippets, it will be enough just to copy and paste the code:

function redirect_to_post(){
global $wp_query;
if( is_archive() && $wp_query->post_count == 1 ){
the_post();
$post_url = get_permalink();
wp_redirect( $post_url );
}
} add_action('template_redirect', 'redirect_to_post');

    Open functions.php file
    Copy and paste the following code:
    Save changes

After you’re done with the code and you have saved the changes, you can test the feature by opening a category or tag page which contains only one post/page in it. Instead of opening a page where only that one post/page is shown, you will be redirected directly to the post. Awesome, isn’t it?

Since some users might get confused by this, it would be a nice idea to include a custom message which will tell users that there was only one result found and that the redirection occurred. If you want to do that, you can leave the message on top of the post/page a user was redirected to by inserting a simple “echo” statement. In that case, you code would look like this:

function redirect_to_post(){
global $wp_query;
if( is_archive() && $wp_query->post_count == 1 ){
the_post();
$post_url = get_permalink();
wp_redirect( $post_url );
}
echo "Since there was only one result found, you have been redirected to this post/page!";
}
add_action('template_redirect', 'redirect_to_post');

Now that even a message has been implemented, you’re done and you won’t have to take care of those categories and tags which contain only one post/page. But don’t let this feature be an excuse for not writing new articles in the category.

Redirect users to a random page in WordPress

This might not be a standard feature of every WordPress website, but sure can be a fun tool to have somewhere on your site. If you write a lot or maybe have numerous galleries, you can end up having thousands of pages which an average user won’t get to see. So why wouldn’t you make things a bit more interesting with redirecting a user to a random post?

OK, you won’t be redirecting a user to a random post without their knowledge or do that on the homepage, of course. But you can create a simple button or link which a user can click after which he will be taken to another page of your site. Maybe it’s a gallery. Maybe a cool editorial you had written years ago. Who knows. It can be fun.

Let’s get started:

add_action('init','random_add_rewrite');
function random_add_rewrite() {
global $wp;
$wp->add_query_var('random');
add_rewrite_rule('random/?$', 'index.php?random=1', 'top');
}

add_action('template_redirect','random_template');

function random_template() {
if (get_query_var('random') == 1) {
$posts = get_posts('post_type=post&orderby=rand&numberposts=1');
foreach($posts as $post) {
$link = get_permalink($post);
}
wp_redirect($link,307);
exit;
}
}

    First you need to prepare your redirect link. Open your functions.php file
    Copy and paste the following code:
    Save changes
    Go to www.yourdomain.com/?random=1

After this, you are ready to create your link/button. All you have to do is link to http://www.yourdomain.com/?random=1 and every time a user opens the page, he will be redirected to a random page. Enjoy your new feature.

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